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Thursday, 24 October 2013

Two samplers - but where are they from?

Well, it has been quite a while since I posted, but I did say at the outset that this blog would be spasmodic.  Still I do feel bad that it has been so long.

I would like to show you two samplers, one an original and the other a sampler inspired by an old sampler.

The first sampler is in the collection of St. Fagan's, the Welsh National History Museum. This museum keeps changing its name for some reason.  It was first known as the Welsh Folk Museum, which I think is a much better name and then the Museum of Welsh Life.  Goodness knows what they will call it next?  However, they hold a very large collection of samplers and some are online at the Gathering the Jewels website - isn't that a lovely name for a site?


The Museum has credited the sampler as being made in Clunderwen in Pembrokeshire.  However, the inscription is -

Anne is my name Davies is my nation Quay is my
Dwelling Place and Christ is my Salvation. 
When I am Dead and laid in grave and all my bones are wrotten
In this work you'll find my name when I'll be quite
forgotten.
1889. Aged 9. 

Where is Quay?  Could it be Newquay in Cardiganshire?

This sampler is based on one I saw in a picture in a magazine  -


It was only a small picture in a room setting but I knew instantly that it was a Welsh sampler and set about trying to chart a version of it with the aid of a magnifying glass.  

You will see that it has the same border as the first sampler and a similar yellow house though the proportions of roof, doors and windows are not quite the same.  However, the fence and forecourt are on both samplers and though they don't share many motifs, they are ones found regularly on Welsh samplers.

It wouldn't have been fair to do an exact copy of someones sampler and neither could I because I was working under certain difficulties.  The colours were quite clear but inevitably there are design changes, however, I feel that it catches the spirit of the original and I greatly enjoyed the challenge of capturing that.  

The verse I chose is appropriate to Wales as our hills and pastures are clothed with sheep as well as mist and lots of rain, especially at the moment!

I now have to keep an eye open for more samplers with the same ingredients and as one of my friends has recently moved near Newquay on the Cardiganshire cost, perhaps I might urge her to keep an eye open!

Thursday, 10 January 2013

The Pontypool Balloon Samplers

I am departing from the "folk art" aspect of this blog to talk about a remarkable group of Welsh samplers.  They haven't any of the motifs I have come to associate with Welsh samplers - they are quite unique and very easily recognised.

Pontypool was an important industrial centre in South East Wales and had numerous schools listed in 19th century Trade Directories, S. Westbrook's Schools being one of them.

In my years studying samplers I think I have identified around six of these samplers, some are in museum collections, others in private ownership and one is for sale at the moment.  Another is on Page 161 of the new sampler book by Elizabeth Feller published by Needleprint.  This is the link to the Needleprint site where you can order the book and flick through the preview pages and see this sampler.

Though I  haven't managed to access images of them all, here are three to give you a flavour.  I will try and bring others to you in future posts.

This one is in the collection of the National History Museum, St. Fagans near Cardiff and has mainly biblical scenes.
This sampler which is in the Collection of Smithsonian Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum, New York, has some common motifs such as the tree with birds and the balloon but more romantic scenes and then at the base a Chinese scene with a Pagoda.
This has even more romantic scenes and many similar motifs

The above sampler is for sale and if you follow this link to madelena.com You will be able to see more  detailed pictures showing the intricate stitchery.

Pontypool was famous for its Chinoiserie decoration on tin and if you study one of its famous trays their patterns may well have been the source of some of the Chinese scenes on these samplers?

A Pontypool Tray of the Regency period Circa 1820 The Chinoiserie fashion espoused by the Prince Regent was used as a basis of decorating a wide range of domestic articles, including tea sets, trays and jardinières,

And what of the balloons?  According to the Madelena site who have done some research, Charles Green, the celebrated UK balloonist, made his 200th ascent in 1835. The following year he made man’s first ever cross channel flight.  So this seems a good reason for the balloon's appearance on these samplers?



Wednesday, 2 January 2013

New samplers

I thought I would start a new year by showing you some samplers I have sewn based on old Welsh originals. I will feature them one by one in future posts together with the original sampler.


They are all worked on canvas with wool as were the originals and I have used Appletons Crewel wool on single canvas, not the double canvas on which most were worked because I didn't want them to be as big.  Some of the originals are very big indeed but of course they can of  be worked on a larger canvas.

I sewed these samplers quite a few years ago after charting them on graph paper.  I did this mainly for my own enjoyment, though I did lend the rather dog eared charts to some of my students as I was then teaching embroidery in Adult Education classes.  I had a vague notion of maybe doing a more professional job, but though I bought a cross stitch programme for my computer, I only really tinkered with it and never produced a whole chart.  After all where was the market for Welsh samplers?

I started this blog mainly to record what I have learnt about Welsh samplers over the years.  I thought it would be of interest to anyone studying them now or in the future. I also wanted to help to give them an identity because, unless they have some words of Welsh, they just get mixed in with English samplers.

Before I embark on a full chart maybe it would be best to start with a collection of motifs seen regularly on Welsh samplers, perhaps linking them to a particular school or area of Wales?  That would be more in line with the reasons for starting this blog.

I'm thinking on the hoof here as I have just changed from a pc to a Mac so will need a new programme. I would appreciate your feedback on this. 






Wednesday, 26 December 2012

Carmarthen bird samplers.

Carmarthen, the town and county have already been mentioned quite a few times on this blog and I am fairly sure they will crop up many times in the future.  It is an area in South West Wales which has a rich textile history and thousands of samplers were sewn there in the 19th century.

Many of its samplers have a pair of very large birds, sometimes the predominant motif but also accompanied by other major elements.  I am not sure where the pattern originated or what sort of birds they are but they are certainly distinctive.

These are some of the samplers - all come from around the town of Carmarthen and there are many links which can be recognised.

I have more of these on file and they will appear when I manage to digitalise the images.

This beauty has everything, the  house which is seen on many samplers from Carmarthen, also the shepherd and shepherdess and right at the top, not very distinct in this picture, cupids with bows and arrows!
Sorry about this awful picture, this is my sampler which comes from a village just north of Carmarthen called Bronydd Arms.  It too has the cupids and also some picturesque red ruins which can be found on other samplers from this area.
This one has a border of leaves and acorns, much favoured on Carmarthen samplers. 
This sampler is very similar to the first without the house, but has a version of the bluebell trees.


Tuesday, 11 December 2012

Yet another Church.

It seem that samplers are like buses, when one comes along, others follow. Here is another sampler featuring Wrexham Church which is full of interesting content and favourite "Welsh" motifs. 

Just look at those birds flying over the church - they look more like the "Red Arrows" doing formation flying but birds over churches is very Welsh!
Some of the birds have strayed and seem to be dive bombing the house! 
The central urn with the three over sized carnations is a favourite Carmarthenshire motif.


All pictures are by courtesy of http://madelena.com/media2/sampler17013.html and that link will take you to the website where there are a few more.




Wednesday, 5 December 2012

From just over the Border!

I realise that sampler research isn't for everyone, just a few of us anoraks, but my intention is to record what I know about Welsh samplers so that anyone interested can learn about them with me.  No book can really compete with the Internet as a resource, because a book is restricted by the pictures that can be used, which also have to be of high quality.  The Internet allows pictures of all quality to used freely. 

So I was very excited when I found this sampler on Pinterest recently - let me try and explain its significance.

Note all the plants in line with the house and the two figures. These are favourites!

At first glance it's rather nondescript but it really made me sit up and take notice.  It was made in Dawley which is in Shropshire just on the border with England in 1745, but it contains motifs that were used regularly on Welsh samplers more than a hundred years later


I have always said that the motifs on Welsh samplers weren't Welsh but that it's their repetitive use on so many samplers in Wales that indicates Welshness. Here is some proof!

This little lady will appear again on this blog and the rosebud tree.
The shepherd with crook will also appear again and also the bluebell tree.

 This English sampler, albeit from a place very close to Wales, contains sampler motifs, mostly likely taken originally from a pattern book, these then spread across the border into Wales and were constantly repeated until they became endemic.

Saturday, 1 December 2012

The Berlin influence.

I have chosen this sampler by Rachel Thomas as an example of how things changed in the world of Welsh samplers around 1850 -

Note the two bell like plants in red urns. These were very popular on Welsh Samplers and occur again and again.

I am taking 1850 as a convenient date, samplers didn't suddenly change in that year but materials and motifs did alter around then and this sampler is a very good example of that transition.

In the above sampler Rachel Thomas has used two large Berlin motifs - the flower bouquet and the basket - as the dominant elements on her samplers.  She has, however, surrounded these with very traditional samplers motifs and border that appear so often on samplers stitched in Wales.

It looks as if is is worked on finer fabric than the canvas that became the favourite as the century progressed.  Samplers made in Wales before my 1850 watershed, would have been worked either on a wool or linen background but when Berlin Woolwork's canvas and wools with their much brighter colours became generally available, girls and young women began sewing samplers in enormous numbers mixing "Berlin" motifs with the motifs that had been traditional on Welsh Samplers for many decades.


Here is another less well planned in fact rather an haphazard design of around the same date -

Smaller bluebell trees are also favourite motifs on Welsh samplers.

This one has a lady feeding chickens at the centre, which is a very "Berlin" design flanked by two flower sprays from the same source, but squeezed in between are the two "bluebell" trees!  So although Berlin patterns were popular our favourite traditional sampler motifs weren't abandoned entirely.